November 2, 2010 § Leave a comment
The Humanist typefaces, also called Venetian appeared in the 1460s and 1470s. They were not used in gothic scripts like textura, they were used by humanist Italian. They are more lighter, open forms. The Humanist typefaces are the first roman typefaces. There are certain characteristics of humanist typefaces that are unique for this type and these characteristics also differentiate these types from the other ones.
As it can be seen on the text above the letter “e” has a cross bar that is different. Also the “x height” of the lower case letters is smaller than usual. There is not much thick-thin contrast. They also give a sense of being dark, not with their color but the feeling they create is dark. Some of these characteristics of humanist typefaces are not preferred in these days. These characteristics are the low x height and the sense of dark they give.
Examples for humanist typefaces are Jenson, Kennerly, Centaur, Stempel Schneidler, Verona, Lutetia, Jersey, Lynton.