Polish Poster Art
December 14, 2010 § Leave a comment
The Polish Poster Art started in 1968 and the first poster museum was opened in Warsaw. Before that the First international Poster Biennial was held in Poland. These two events are related to each other and they are both very important. At that time Poland was called as the center of “wall and” board art and it had such distinct characteristics that soon after these two events the Polish Poster Art became very important in the whole world.
Actually the Polish Poster School had emerged approximately twenty years ago in 1950s and its appearance is related to social realism. However it became much more thrilling. The most important person in Polish Poster School is Henryk Tomaszewski. Young artists dedicated themselves to this movement. Important artists in this school were Jozef Mroszczak, Wojciech Zamecznik, Jan Mlodozeniec, Waldemar Swierzy, Jan Lenica and Franciszek Starowieyski.
The politic environment at those times was an important factor in this art movement. Every possible union, mostly in the cultural ground, had posters painted the known artists of this movement. For many years there was no important public occasion without a poster. The posters became a component of mass culture. At the same time socialist governments used posters as propaganda by commissioning artists.
The success of Polish poster art had strong artistic fundamentals. However these fundamentals were not only due to the beneficial social conditions, they were also based on the talent of the artists that started this movement.